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Paul Hindemith / Paul Hindemit (a part III)

Near to scientific Kepler, artist Matiasom in gallery of the images which have excited creative imagination of Hindemita, we find Frantsiska Assizsky. About it ballet "…ыруюЁюфэхщ°шх тшфхэш " is devoted legend pages; under the scenario of ballet master Leonid Mjasina. Not "цш=шх" sacred, and human life has involved Hindemita; not piety, and humanity fill music of its ballet; at last not evangelic besstrastnost narrations, and pathetics of renunciation of riches, from honours for the sake of justice - such are ideas "…ыруюЁюфэхщ°ш§ тшфхэшщ". Through all five pictures of ballet, sjuzhetno reminding a parable about the prodigal son, there passes an ancient tune original trubadurskoj the song embodying cleanliness of thoughts and feelings. In comparison with the majority of orchestral opuses of Hindemita, music "-шфхэшщ" it is written without polyphonic implied senses, with distinctly allocated leading line of melodic drawing. Only in final passakalii the broad lands are given polyphonic insight.

Scenes of renunciation of riches and honour for the sake of friendship, a symbolical betrothal with Poverty, occurrence of the group, suffering, hungry people on a magnificent feast at Petro Bernadone and many other episodes develop in the theatrical representation reminding medieval moralite.

So, in "+ѕфюцэшъх ¦р=шрёх" "+рЁьюэшш ьшЁр" and "…ыруюЁюфэхщ°ш§ тшфхэш §" Hindemit glorifies the light sincere world of the person. These scores are adjoined related it on spirit by the symphony "Serena" written in 1946 by request of one of orchestras of the United States where Hindemit has emigrated in the late thirties.

It is possible to collect the whole collection of transfers of this name, as "Serena" concept ambiguous: "ётх=ыр " "тхёхыр " "Ёрфюё=эр " most close approaches to the word, and "ыѕёхчрЁэр " "ыѕёшё=р " - to music. The symphony "Serena" it was composed in the first post-war year when people have sighed freely and calmness, at last, has seized them. Extreme sections of four-hour symphonic structure joyfully proclaim a life. They are charged full structure of an orchestra. II part - a witty and free variation of a theme of the Jorksky march of Beethoven with use of one wind instruments. In the following part a string band divided into two groups, - from which one plays pitstsikato, - conducts dialogues elegicheskogo character. The remarks are attached to an orchestra by two the soloist violins, behind them - two the soloist altos. Yes, the symphony "Serena" - the joyful symphony, but also in pleasure sad memoirs disturb soul - such is sense of III part.

For half a century of indefatigable work Hindemitom had been wrote such quantity of music that the idle time, not annotated transfer would occupy it some pages. Having resulted above a number of the most considerable products forming the centre of its creative life, we can mention only even several works, if not to complete the picture, then for its general characteristic.

One branch of its creativity is formed by products for such solo tools to which the majority of composers did not give attention. Between 1936 and 1943 years Hindemitom writes sonatas for a flute, an oboe, an English small horn, a clarnet, a bassoon, a French horn, a pipe, a trombone, altgorna, tubas and harps. From eleven sonatas - ten for wind instruments. It is a creative feat with direct purposefulness: to lift art level of orchestral execution of modern music, to reveal new receptions, character of use of new expressive possibilities of wind instruments. In it professionalism of Hindemita, one of its displays mentioned already "ср§шрэё=тр".

too affects

The Important place in creativity of Hindemita is occupied with the music created for maximum use of expressive means of the the soloist tool, ensemble or an orchestra. Whether it is necessary to stipulate especially that the composer was not guided by virtuosity display as end in itself. It often uses original reception in a concert genre: to concentrate attention of listeners to mastery, he addresses to rather easily perceived melodic drawings. So, in the Concert for an alto (1935г.) tunes of ancient songs and the score are used is accompanied by the text summary. In a violin concert music of Hindemita sounds extremely lyrically, especially in last part. In a counterbalance to it violonchelnyj a concert (1940) Grasps the dramatic nature underlined by collisions of contrasting constructions. The concert for a piano is easily perceived by any audience thanks to clearness of melodic lines and simplicity of intonations, in the ending based on motive of the Renaissance song "КЁш ¶юэ=рэр".

The Principle "ъюэчхЁ=шЁютрэш " that is competitions, competitions of executors, it is taken as a principle many symphonic scores of Hindemita. So, for example, the Boston symphony (1931) in essence - the Concert for a string band and copper tools. In 1932 the Philharmonic concert and commemoration of the 50 anniversary of the Berlin symphonic orchestra is written. Ballet music "Ох=№Ёх =хьяхЁрьхэ=р" written for troupe of J. Balanchina, in essence too can be named by a piano concert.

Highly appreciating and creatively encouraging the masterly technics of instrumentalists, Hindemit as it was already told, shows samples and masterly possession of technics composer. The cycle of the piano fugues united by the name "Ludus tonalis" can be the best to volume an example; (Game of tonalities). The cycle includes twelve trehgolosnyh fugues and eleven interludes, located in exact conformity with the system of relationship of tonalities created by Hindemitom. All cycle is anticipated the introduction - a prelude. Its execution from right to left, that is from the end to the beginning, forms an original epilogue.

The Person outwardly very sociable, concealed Hindemit in itself warmly and the melancholy, shown at thought on the native land tragically left. In it "Ршь¶юэшёхёъш§ ьх=рьюЁ¶ючр§" the exiles written to the first months, variations on themes of Weber, valued in Germany are given the same as in our country appreciate Glinka for with Weber it is connected joyful it is time the first flowering of a national opera in Germany. Here Hindemit acts not in concert vestments, not in a professorial hat, and in a kind "яютёхфэхтэюь" as though photographed "ёъЁ№=ющ ърьхЁющ". That is why "¦х=рьюЁ¶юч№" take a special place in its biography.

Paul Hindemit has died on December, 29th, 1963. It has left the whole library of the products written to it. Them execute actively enough and listen everywhere with a breathless attention. But will pass a lot of time while its heritage becomes an integral part of sincere riches of fans of music for a heritage it is very great, and complexity of its perception gives way to ease, habitualness not so is fast, as it would be desirable for each of us.

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