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Ravel Maurice / Moris Ravel (a part II)

In one Lalo it was right - available influences "ъѕёъшё=ют" and Grieg. To "Пх§хЁрчрфх" Ravel will come once again and will write a vocal cycle of a pas L.Lehlera's verses. In three parts of a cycle ("+чш " "-юы°хсэр  ¶ыхщ=р" and "рртэюфѕ°э№щ") is not present either folklore reliability, or bored recipes "юЁшхэ=рышчьр" adjoining on banality. It is music found, as though given in to charm of a fantasy through which to a smoke not clear outlines of landscapes and lungs, as in a mirage of carried by images appear. With confidence it is possible to tell that in vocal "Пх§хЁрчрфѕ" the sound threads reminding music of Debussy are intertwined.

While the Parisian society was divided on admirers and opponents "¤хыыхрёр and ¦хышчрэф№" Ravel has unconditionally adjoined the first. It has shifted Debussy's some symphonic products for a piano in 4 hands and constantly spoke about the senior colleague only with admiration. But the way nevertheless selects the.

With the Roman award resolutely did not carry. Some times to it "яхЁхсхурыш фюЁюуѕ" people of average talent. For the first time instead of it the award was received by the certain A.Kaple, the second time - Eme Kuns, in the third - L.Laparra (any of three has not left any trace in the French music). By this time (1902-1904) Ravel's name was known enough in musical and more wide ranges. The situation developed the scandalous. Naturally, there was a question on competence, on objectivity of jury. The question on Ravel has got to the press. Among the people convicting conservatoire usages and an unfair estimation of the outstanding composer, Romen Rollan has acted. "-ё ър  music near to its music seems эхёютхЁ°хээющ" - the opinion of Rollana on Ravel, a little categorical was that, but is genuinely sincere.

"-хыю рртхы " has led to falling "ьѕч№ърыіэюую ърсшэх=р" France: the director of Conservatory T.Djubua has been compelled to resign. Its place was occupied with composer Gabriel Fore, Ravel's teacher. Then Ravel has shown scrupulousness typical for it and has refused the Roman award that have not thought that a main role in its award has played to Odds. And it when it has been compelled to place in newspapers the announcement with the offer to give lessons of the musical theory and seriously thought of reception of a place serving in one of offices of the Dutch India. In Paris to live there was nothing.

Ravel was then already the author of the delightful piano play "ЂуЁр тюф№" a piano cycle "+=Ёрцхэш " (consisting from "-юёэ№§ ью=№ыіъют" "¤хёрыіэ№§ я=шч" "-юфъш in юъхрэх" "Л=Ёхээхщ songs °ѕ=р" "-юышэ№ чтюэют"), In "+=Ёрцхэш §" it is easy to hear Debussy's influence, but Debussy of more courageous, accurate, not avoiding contrast comparisons of light and a shade; Debussy deprived typical for it "Ёрё=ѕ°хтъш" contours. "+=Ёрцхэш " more close to a drawing, than to painting.

The Great skill notes the Quartet (1902-1903) over which Ravel long worked, many times processing the score. Being afraid, as though alterations had not a pernicious effect on product, Debussy in the letter to Ravel conjured it: "+= a name of gods of music and from myself personally I beg you of anything not to touch any more in the ътрЁ=х=х". It is possible to understand Debussy's excitement - it was a question of one of masterpieces of chamber music of the XX-th century.

I part of a quartet captivates the concentrated rest. It is replaced by the live, impulsive music of II part which are giving rise to any Borodino associations. Seldom, when Ravel dared to give music to the pensiveness power, zavorozhennosti how in III parts of a quartet. In the ending it forces listeners to be transferred instantly to the world where storming energy and an impact erase fragile outlines of lyrics. A quartet the closest to traditions of romanticism Ravel's product.

In 1908 on Ravel's share the first outstanding success connected with execution of the Spanish rhapsody has dropped out. The success has come at the second execution. The first time "¦рыруѕІэі " (II part) has been catcalled, and as a whole the Rhapsody has not made impression on public. The rhapsody consists of 4 parts: "¤Ёхы¦фш  to эюёш" "¦рыруѕІэі " "+рсрэхЁр" and "¤Ёрчфэхё=тю". For "+рсрэхЁ№" Ravel used a theme youthful (1895) the piano play. The Spanish rhapsody is written under obvious influence Russian musical "шёярэшё=шъш" (the Aragonsky jota and, of course, the Spanish capriccio).

Here orchestral colour, about which differently, than "ётхЁър¦Ёшщ" you will not tell. Here reigns not only violence of the sound paints entering unusual combinations, here reigns a rhythm - steel and whimsical, instantly changing a direction, dynamics, a figurative system of sound streams. The rhapsody - one of tops of creativity of Ravel.

The one-act opera "Ђёярэёъшщ ёрё" becomes the Following stage; written under the libretto Franc-noena. Its plot reminds the Italian interludes of a XVIII-th century. The wife of watch-maker Torkvemado - fine Kontsepson - wishes to take advantage of absence of the husband and poflirtovat with the admirers: muleteer Ramiro, poet Gonzalve and the old banker, decided to try the luck in a lyrical field.

The Cheerful mess comes to an end that got tired of poetic chatter of the poet, the languid sighs reaching from an hour case where the banker has hidden, Ramiro touched by complaisance and admired with its force, Kontsepson gets rid of the importunate gentlemen and, remained alone with Ramiro, gives it signs on the attention. Comes hot "шёярэёъшщ ёрё".

The Opera was a success and has entered into repertoire of many theatres. Ten years later in the letter to the friend - I.Godebskoj - Ravel wrote: "- August [1919] in London Kovent-Gardene executed "Ђёярэёъшщ ёрё"; actors left to bow 17 times. On responses of newspapers, it there was an outstanding success for the last 30 ых=".

Ravel, the person of the huge charm, submitting simplicity, becomes the centre of gravity for writers, composers, artists. Like the evenings which were arranged with friends of Schubert and called "°ѕсхЁ=шрфрьш" at Ravel's friends arise original "Ёртхышрф№" where the spirit of deep respect for creativity, attention to each other and sincere geniality of relations reigns.

Not deserving scratch Any, apparently, to serious reaction in Ravel and Debussy's relations has unexpectedly led to rupture just because vague relations with the people spiritually close to it were alien to Ravel.

Among Ravel's friends there were some Russian: Stravinsky, Dyagilev, Nizhinsky, Ida Rubinshtejn, Fokin. Fokinu also belongs idea of creation of ballet on an antique theme. With this plan it rushed even in the stay in Petersburg, but, without having met sympathy and support from outside Maryinsky Theater management, has cooled down to it.

Acquaintance to Ravel has stirred up an old plan of the great ballet master. One of the higher expressions of genius Morisa Ravel, ballet "-р¶эшё and +ыю " was born;. Whiff of a fragrant wind in mirtovyh groves; young men and the girls who have come to a grotto-altar of the Sir; a meeting of Dafnisa and Hloi; competitions in dance rough volopasa Dorkona with Dafnisom, whose dancing apollonicheski is perfect; abduction of Hloi by pirates; a despair, anger, sobbings, the entreaties of Dafnisa turned to the sky; a prophetic sign on gods who have heard a voice of Dafnisa; lightnings, the underground rumble, horrified pirates; wonderful disposal of Hloi and its returning safe to Dafnisu - here episodes of the antique novel of Long, or Longusa which have become by music, which genre Ravel has defined as "§юЁхюуЁр¶шёхёъѕ¦ the symphony in three ёрё= §".

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